Description: This course will examine the heterodox individual artistic practices and movements in post-World-War Two Europe. Focusing on the countries of France, Belgium, The Netherlands, Germany, Italy, England, and the Soviet Union, particular attention will be given to the post-war reconstruction of the Marshall Plan, economic austerity and recovery, the French colonial war in Algeria, the legacy of the German occupation, the rise of the student movement and the protests of May ’68, Stalinism and the cold war, and the national guilt of the Holocaust. In addition to weekly readings, each graduate student will be responsible for an 18-25 page paper and a 30 minute presentation. Cross-list: HART 305. Mutually Exclusive: Cannot register for HART 505 if student has credit for HART 305.